The massive query surrounding 15-year-old Kamila Valieva is whether or not or not she’ll be allowed to skate within the Olympic ladies’s particular person occasion.
The Worldwide Testing Company (ITA) stated that Valieva, who helped the Russian ladies win the workforce occasion and have become the primary lady in historical past to land a quadruple leap on the Olympics, examined constructive for trimetazidine, a banned coronary heart medicine that’s purported to enhance endurance. Russia needs her to skate, claiming a misunderstanding and maybe Western jealousy. The ITA and the World Anti-Doping Company (WADA) will attend a listening to on behalf of the Worldwide Olympic Committee (IOC) to attraction Russia’s determination to let her skate. The Worldwide Skating Union (ISU) will decide medals and outcomes after the listening to, which is able to occur earlier than Tuesday’s occasion.
Misplaced within the shadow of this information, maybe, are different vital questions: how a 15-year-old woman acquired the medicine, and why she would really feel like taking it was a good suggestion.
Valieva, alongside together with her quad-landing teammates Alexandra Trusova and Anna Shcherbakova, all practice with coach Eteri Tutberidze. Tutberidze is the one most dominant coach in ladies’s determine skating, as her women — most of her skaters grow to be champions earlier than the age of 18 — have taken residence Olympic golds and silvers, World Championships, European Championships, and worldwide champions.
However amid all that success, none of Tutberidze’s champions have gone to a number of Olympics. They’ve retired, many citing harm, in four-year home windows. Much more distressing is how there appears to be a sample of abusive practices in terms of food plan restriction and over-training.
When the IOC, ISU, and Russia convene, they’ll determine Valieva’s future. However it will behoove them and the game to look past the athlete in query and likewise deal with the adults in cost.
Tutberidze’s women land jumps no different ladies on the planet can do and are among the most superb skaters on the planet. However what’s the worth they pay to grow to be so?
Kamila Valieva’s coach Eteri Tutberidze has a historical past of injured skaters and food plan restrictions
The unlucky fact about ladies’s determine skating is that puberty is seen because the enemy. Smaller, leaner skaters have a bonus due to the physics concerned. Lighter skaters have a better time getting up within the air; having much less mass and being slim permits them to spin sooner (consider a pencil, spinning between your fingers). As a result of puberty tends so as to add weight, peak, and extra fats to a lady’s physique, it’s not unusual to see it adversely have an effect on feminine skaters. We’ve seen that skaters can hit tougher jumps earlier than they hit puberty, after which lose these jumps as their our bodies change. It’s not unattainable for feminine skaters to regain these extremely tough jumps post-puberty, however they continue to be the exception reasonably than the norm.
The draw back to this, as you may anticipate in any elite sport, is coaches and athletes will attempt to bodily change athletes’ our bodies to maintain or get hold of these benefits. Therefore, ladies’s determine skating is a sport that’s peppered with athletes who’ve had consuming problems like bulimia and anorexia.
And a few of these tales have come from Eteri Tutberidze’s former college students.
Again in 2014, Yulia Lipnitskaya turned one of many Olympic Video games’ breakout stars when she gained a gold medal at 15. She was recognized for her spins and unimaginable flexibility. After Sochi 2014, she had middling outcomes and ended her profession in 2017 whereas affected by a knee harm. In September of that yr, she revealed to the Russian press she had been affected by anorexia for “not only for one yr, or two, or three” years and sought therapy at a rehab middle in Israel. On the time, there have been stories that Lipnitskaya was inspired by Tutberidze’s workforce to maintain herself via “powdered vitamins” to maintain the burden off.
Lipnitskaya by no means made it to the 2018 Olympics, the place Tutberidze’s dynamic duo of Alina Zagitova and Evgenia Medvedeva shined. Zagitova and Medvedeva mixed for the silver within the workforce occasion, after which went gold and silver, respectively, within the ladies’s singles occasion. On the time, Zagitova was 15 and appeared like an improved model of Lipnitskaya who might land very tough jumps. She nabbed a gold that yr.
After the Olympics, she was requested in an interview with the Russian web site, Sport Specific, about her development spurt and puberty. She advised them that her and her coaches’ plan to take care of the adjustments of puberty was to limit her food plan.
“And when it comes to puberty, while you grow to be fats — it appears to me that these are all fictions. You simply have to shut your mouth and don’t eat! Or at the very least slightly. I eat, however in small portions,” Zagitova stated.
Granted, there is likely to be nuances misplaced in translation. On the time, Zagitova was 15 and will not have chosen her phrases correctly. However this wasn’t the primary time she talked about what seems like, at finest, a really restrictive food plan and, at worst, an consuming dysfunction.
In a 2019 interview with Russian Glamour, Zagitova defined that she and workforce Tutberidze restricted her meals consumption and that she abstained from ingesting water. She primarily used water as a rinse. She stated:
No, I don’t like chips. Effectively, maybe it’s as a result of I don’t eat them. I like sweets — chocolate, sweet. Usually, I restricted myself throughout the Olympic Video games. I used to be, you may say, not ingesting water in any respect. That’s, we simply rinsed our mouths and spit all of it out.
In one other 2019 interview, Zagitova lamented that the sport had handed her by, that she was too previous (at 19) to hit quads, and that if she had any hope at touchdown one, she’d have to first shed some pounds. Zagitova has since retired from the game.
Medvedeva, who was Zagitova’s major rival, had a profession punctuated with again and foot accidents. She left Tutberidze after the Olympics to coach in Canada with coach Brian Orser. Orser is understood for teaching champions like Yuna Kim and Yuzuru Hanyu.
Whereas in Canada, Medvedeva opened up about how the coaching strategies had been completely different, and the way Orser’s membership didn’t pit her towards her rivals. In a 2019 interview with the Russian web site RSport, she defined how she had severely restricted her food plan and was now working with a nutritionist with Orser. She appears to allude to the identical calorie restriction and water weight that Zagitova references:
I understood that I ought to be as “dry” as doable. I weighed in Pyeongchang one and a half kilograms lower than a yr earlier than the World Championships in Helsinki. It was a tough interval, however I had no different alternative … I didn’t have too many muscle groups then, and on this case the physique retains water very a lot. You grow to be heavy and “swollen.” Due to this fact, every little thing was actually very robust and brought about first rate injury to the physique. Now, happily, all these issues are previously.
Medvedeva returned to Tutberidze in 2020 due to the pandemic. And in a 2021 interview with Russian media, Tutberidze stated that Medvedeva gained weight and blamed Orser and Medvedeva for her poor scores. Tutberidze hasn’t been afraid of lashing out towards Medvedeva and different skaters who’ve left her coaching academy. Usually these skaters, like Medvedeva, return.
“So we did all we might for her below the circumstances,” Tutberidze stated. In that very same interview, she mentions that she trains her college students 12 hours a day.
Medvedeva has since retired, citing everlasting accidents to her again. She will solely flip it a technique.
Whereas Lipnitskaya, Zagitova, and Medvedeva are all retired now, the tales alluding to weight restriction and harm amongst Tutberidze’s present crop of scholars proceed.
In a 2019 interview with Russian sports activities channel Sport24, Daniil Gleikhengauz, who choreographs at Tutberidze’s college, talked about Anna Shcherbakova. Shcherbakova is a favourite to medal this yr. The interviewer talks about how she was amazed that Shcherbakova can eat “two shrimps” for dinner and be full.
Once more, there may very well be nuances and humor misplaced in translation. The host is seemingly joking about Scherbakova’s urge for food and willpower. However given Lipnitskaya’s historical past, Zagitova’s mentality about weight reduction, and Medvedeva’s frank solutions to the Russian press, the concept Scherbakova severely restricts her food plan doesn’t seem to be a joke.
As former Olympic skaters, physicists, and specialists defined to me earlier this month, skating is an extremely taxing sport on the physique. Therefore the accidents that skaters energy via to win. It’s much more terrifying to think about these accidents on the our bodies of younger women who’re extraordinarily skinny, severely proscribing their food plan, or in a state of affairs like Lipnitskaya’s, not consuming in any respect.
Trusova and Scherbakova have reportedly been coping with nagging accidents as they skate. Aliona Kostornaia, who was as soon as seen as a lock for the Olympic workforce and medal risk, pulled out of the Russian Nationals this yr attributable to an unspecified harm. And Daria Usacheva, who’s one among Tutberidze’s prized pupils and Russian junior champion, appeared to endure a really painful and critical harm this previous November. Accidents are often saved near the vest within the Russian press.
Are skating and the media that covers it complicit?
Amid Valieva’s failed doping check and accounts of what positive looks like disordered consuming and careers lower very quick attributable to harm, it raises the query of what skating’s governing our bodies are doing about this. The reply appears to be rewarding her.
In 2020, the Worldwide Skating Union awarded Tutberidze its “finest coach.” And for those who’ve been watching NBC’s determine skating protection, commentator and former skater Johnny Weir has been — up till information of Valieva’s failed doping check broke — speaking about spending time at her teaching facility and the sumptuous time he had attending to know Tutberidze and the women. Weir posted on Instagram in November, about how grateful he was to go to the varsity. In hindsight, these selections haven’t aged effectively.
“If individuals begin to look below the hood of what’s happening in Staff Tutberidze, that may really be constructive for the game as a result of it will actually shine a lightweight on adolescent women being abused bodily, mentally, emotionally. And now pharmacologically, with these medication,” stated Dave Lease, who runs the skating evaluation YouTube channel The Skating Lesson.
Whereas he acknowledges that Tutberidze’s skaters are gifted, Lease has been crucial of Tutberidze on his present, particularly calling into query her coaching practices. He has spoken with company about allegations of consuming problems and doable doping (previous to Valieva’s constructive check). He says what’s occurring at Tutberidze’s college is analogous to the abuse that occurred at US Gymnastics and the Karolyis’ ranch. Saying that Tutberidze’s teaching practices are “abusive” has gotten Lease harangued within the Russian press.
“It doesn’t take a genius to understand that there’s one thing aberrant happening with Tutberidze’s coaching strategies versus coaching strategies round the remainder of the world,” he stated. “I don’t suppose that any clever one that follows determine skating ought to be stunned. The clues have been there.”
The clues Lease refers to are accounts from former skaters, but in addition Russian press interviews about diets, the accidents from over-training, interviews with coaches about doable doping, and Russia’s historical past with state-sponsored doping.
For the reason that information broke, former skaters like Adam Rippon and Katarina Witt have spoken out about holding Russia and the adults surrounding Valieva accountable. And in an interview with the French newspaper 20 Minutes, high ice dancing coach Romain Haguenauer stated the outcome hadn’t stunned him. He stated:
When Valieva’s identify got here out, I wouldn’t say individuals weren’t stunned, however let’s say it’s been stuff that’s been round for years. … To see these children between the ages of 12 and 15 doing quadruple jumps … it’s true that there are all the time questions from the [jumps] specialists. I’m not one, however I do know loads of people who find themselves and all of them have all the time been extraordinarily stunned that it occurred hastily. Earlier than Sochi, Russia didn’t shine in ladies’s skating. … After which, hastily, yearly they convey out 4 new children rocking quads.
One of many issues surrounding skating is that it goes mainstream as soon as each 4 years, not in contrast to gymnastics. Mainstream curiosity peaks throughout the Olympics and wanes sharply after, so until there’s one thing newsworthy that occurs — like Valieva’s failed check — most viewers don’t comply with the skaters or Tutberidze sufficient to know her or her skaters’ historical past. In Russia the place these ladies are thought-about high athletes, Lease says, Tutberidze’s success outshines any criticism.
It’s additionally particularly tough for informal viewers to know concerning the controversies when you’ve gotten NBC and commentators like Weir speaking glowingly concerning the academy. For a lot of religious skating followers, although, Tutberidze’s strategies have been an open secret for years.
“I do know many clever individuals who comply with the game and like to observe the game, however possibly they aren’t fully immersed. And so they desire to observe skating and see these stunning younger skaters and be amazed and select to look the opposite means,” he stated. “Or they select to not know, and never look too far into why they’re so superb.”